The Legal Rules is a fanzine produced both as a service to fandom in
general and as a Cult publication; in the latter incarnation it it
approximately d.o.  .2244 or thereabout.  Available for a dime or two 6¢
stamps from Jerry William Lapidus, 54 Clearview Drive, Pittsford, New York
14534.  A JeWeL publication.  Chicago in '73!



A NUMBER OF MAJOR decisions regarding fandom were made at the business
meeting of the BAYCON, decisions about which all fen should be informed.
In addition, it was obvious at that meeting that many fen were unfamiliar
with the rules as previously stated.  Toward this end, I have taken George
Scithers' final rules, as published after NYCON, and attempted to
incorporate the new rules into this to produce one final document.  In
matters which seem unclear or indeed are not taken care of, I will include
/_ thusly _/ the interpretations I feel appropriate.  I apologize for any
mistakes made in this document; the actual wording of the motions,
tho, should be correct.  I taped that BAYCON business meeting, and have
transcribed it to the best of my ability; I base the material in this
document on that and on Mr.  Scithers' previous work.  I hope this proves
useful and/or helpful.

Rules of the World Science Fiction Society

1.01 The World Science Fiction Society is an unincorporated literary
society whose functions are:  to choose the recipients of the annual
Science Fiction Achievement Awards, known as the Hugos; to choose the
location for the annual World Science Fiction Convention; and to attend the
annual World Science Fiction Convention.

1.02 The membership of the World Science Fiction Society at any time
consists of all those who have paid membership dues to the then current
convention committee.

1.03 The management and responsibility for all phases of the annual
World Science Fiction Convention lies entirely with the convention
committee, which acts in its own name, not that of the Society.  The
convention committee which puts on the convention is, of course, the
committee whose bid for selection of its location is accepted by the annual
meeting of the Society.

2.01 The selection of the winners of the Science Fiction Achievement
Awards, nicknamed Hugos, will be made as follows.

2.02 Best Novel:  A science fiction or fantasy story of 40,000 words
or more, appearing for the first time during the previous calendar year.
Appearance in a prior year makes a story ineligible, except that an author
may withdraw a version from consideration if he feels that version is not
representative of what he wrote.  A story may thus be eligible only once.
Publication date, or cover date in the case of a dated magazine, take
precedence over the copyright date.  A serial takes its appearance to be
the date of the last installment.  Individual stories appearing as a series
are eligible only as individual stories, and are not eligible taken
together under the title of the series.  The convention committee may move
a story into a more appropriate category if they feel it necessary,
provided the story is within 5,000 words of the category limits.

2.03 /_ Exact length of the new category of novella, and thus of
possible changes in the other categories, were not delineated by the BAYCON
meeting.  Therefore, I merely list that award here, as best I can, assuming
that they will either be delineated in the future or left to the complete
discretion of the convention committees_/ Best Novella:  Rules as for Best
Novel, with length under 40,000 words.

2.04 Best Novellette:  Rules as for Best Novel, with length between
40,000 and 10,000 words.  /_ Subject, of course, to exact length of the
novella, or short novel._/

2.05 Best Short Story:  Rules as for Best Novel, with length less
than 10,000 words.  /_ Subject to restrictions, as above_/

2.06 Best Dramatic Presentation:  Any production, directly related
to science fiction or fantasy, in the field of radio, television, stage, or
screen, which has been publicly presented for the first time in its present
form during the previous calendar year.  In the case of individual programs
presented as a series, the separate programs shall be individually
eligible, but the entire year's production taken as a whole under the title
of the series shall not be eligible.

2.07 Best Professional Artist:  A professional artist whose work was
presented in some form in the science fiction or fantasy field during the
previous calendar year.

2.08 Best Professional magazine:  Any magazine devoted primarily to
science fiction or fantasy, which has published four or more issues, at
least one issue appearing in the previous calendar year.

2.09 Best Amateur magazine:  Any generally available
non-professional magazine devoted to science fiction, fantasy, or related
subjects, which has published four or more issues, at least one appearing
in the previous calendar year.

2.10 Best Fan Writer.  /_There was no explanatory material passed in
either this or the following (fan artist) category, both passed at BAYCON.
I would personally suggest the following wording for both, but this
is only my suggestion and is by no means official in any manner:  Any fan
whose work (art or written material) has appeared in an amateur magazine
(as described above) in the previous calendar year._/

2.11 Best Fan Artist.  /_ see above_/

2.12 Additional Categories:  Not more than two special categories
may be created by the convention committee with nomination and final voting
to be the same as for the other, permanent categories.  The convention
committee is not required to create any such categories; they should be
held to a minimum, and those created by one convention committee are not
binding on following committees.  Awards under these categories will be
Science Fiction Achievement Awards or Hugos.

2.13 The name and design shall not be extended to any other award
whatsoever.

2.14 No Award:  At the discretion of the individual convention
committee, if a lack of nomination or final votes in a specific category
shows a marked lack of interest in that category on the part of the voters,
the award in that category shall be cancelled for that year.

2.15 Nominations and Voting:  Selection of nominees for the final
award voting shall be done by a poll conducted by the convention committee
under rules determined by the committee.  Final award voting shall be by
mail, with ballots sent only to Society members.  Final ballots shall
include name, signature, address, and membership number, to be filled in.
Final ballots shall standardize alternatives given in each category to not
more than five.  Assignment of nominees nominated in more than one category
to their proper one and eligibility of nominees shall be determined by the
convention committee.  Voters shall indicate the order of their preference
for nominees in each category.

2.16 Tallying:  Counting of all votes shall be the responsibility of
the convention committee, which is responsible for all matters concerning
awards.  In each category, votes shall be first tallied by the voters'
first choice.  In the event no majority vote is then obtained, the nominee
placing last will be eliminated and the ballots listing him as first choice
redistributed on the basis of the ballots' second listed choice.  The
process will be repeated until a majority vote winner is obtained.

2.17 No member of the then current convention committee nor any
publication closely connected with them shall be eligible for an award.

2.18 The Hugo award will continue to be standardized as to the
design of the rocket ship on the model presently in use.  The design of the
base is up to each convention committee.

3.01 The Society shall choose the sites for the annual World Science
Fiction Conventions two years in advance at a business meeting to be held
at an advertised time during each annual World Science Fiction Convention,
presided over by the chairman of the then current convention committee, or
by someone designated by the committee.  The business meeting shall be
conducted under Robert's Rules of Order, Revised, and such other rules the
then current committee may publish in the program book.  /_ This rule will
go into effect at the 1969 convention, which shall thus vote for both the
1970 and the 1971 convention sites._/

3.02 To assure an equitable distribution of convention sites, the
North American continent is divided into three geographical divisions as
follows:

	Western Division--New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Montana,
	                  Saskatchewan, and states and provinces westward;
	                  and Baja California.

	Central Division--All Mexico except Baja California, and all states
	                  and provinces between the Western Division and
	                  the Eastern Division.

	Eastern Division--Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North
	                  Carolina, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York,
	                  Quebec, and states and provinces eastward.

3.03 Convention sites shall be rotated among these divisions and the
rest of the world in the following order:  West, Central, East, with any
country outside North America bidding every fifth year.  /_This is set to
the pattern as follows:  the year 1970 is to be the arbitrary first "fifth
year" and shall therefore be open to bidding from outside North America.
After that, in order:  East, West, Midwest, East, and Outside North America
again in 1975._/ The bids of locations to hold a convention shall only be
considered and voted on if they lie within the geographical division whose
turn it is; except that the rule of rotation may be set aside by a vote of
three-fourths voting, with the provision that in no case may two successive
conventions be in the same division or outside North America.  In the event
of such setting aside, rotation shall be resumed the following year.

3.04 By bidding, a convention committee promises to abide by this
constitution.  Proposed date and dues for the next convention must be
announced by bidding committees before site selection.  Such proposals are
subject to modification by the business meeting.

3.05 In the event the society is without a properly selected
location for the next annual convention because of the resignation of the
then current convention committee or other cause, the five most recent
convention committee chairmen willing to serve shall be authorized to
select the next location for the World Science Fiction Convention.

3.06 Voting for sites of World Science Fiction Conventions shall be
limited to members of the /_current_/ convention who have also paid at
least $2.00 toward the dues of the convention to be voted upon.  The
details of implementation shall be decided upon by each convention
committee.

4.01 Any change to the foregoing rules may take effect no sooner
than the end of the convention during which such change is adopted.

4.02 All previous by-laws, constitutions, and resolutions having the
effect of by-laws and constitutions of the World Science Fiction Society
are revoked.

4.03 The rules of the World Science Fiction Society as decided in
the business meetings shall be printed by the World Science Fiction
Convention Committee and distributed with the Hugo nomination ballots, and
hopefully also printed in the program book.

BAYCON Changes and additions in the rules

1. Addition of novella, fan writer, fan artist.

2. Selection of Consties two years in advance.

3. $2.00 fee for consite voting rights.

4. Rules publication

5. Five-year plan, rather than four.