Mt. Holz Science Fiction Society
03/30/18 -- Vol. 36, No. 39, Whole Number 2008

Co-Editor: Mark Leeper,
Co-Editor: Evelyn Leeper,
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        Science Fiction (and Other) Discussion Groups, Films,
                Lectures, etc. (NJ)
        Hugo Award Finalists to Be Announced March 31
        My Picks for Turner Classic Movies in April (comments
                by Mark R. Leeper)
        THE FREEZE FRAME REVOLUTION by Peter Watts (book review
                by Joe Karpierz)
        1177 B.C.: THE YEAR CIVILIZATION COLLAPSED by Eric H. Cline
                (book review by Gregory Frederick)
        Squid vs. Calamari (letter of comment by Dan Cox)
        Rules for Film Reviewing (letter of comment by Arthur T)
        This Week's Reading (WHAT UNITES US, Norton Critical
                Editions) (book comments by Evelyn C. Leeper)


TOPIC: Science Fiction (and Other) Discussion Groups, Films,
Lectures, etc. (NJ)

April 12: JOHN CARTER (2012) & A PRINCESS OF MARS by Edgar Rice
        Burroughs, Middletown (NJ) Public Library, 5:30PM
May 10: CONTACT (1997) & CONTACT by Carl Sagan
May 24: TIME TRADERS by Andre Norton, Old Bridge (NJ) Public
        Library, 7PM (available in Project Gutenberg)
July 26: FIRE WATCH by Connie Willis, Old Bridge (NJ) Public
        Library, 7PM
September 27: TBD (probably a Hugo-nominated novella), Old Bridge
        (NJ) Public Library, 7PM

Northern New Jersey events are listed at:


TOPIC: Hugo Award Finalists to Be Announced March 31

Finalists for the Hugo Award, the Retro Hugo Award, the Award for
Best Young Adult Book, and the John W. Campbell Award for Best New
Writer will be announced  at three separate locations at 3PM EDT on
March 31, 2018.  Approximately one hour following the live
announcements, a video presentation of the finalists will be posted
on the Worldcon 76 web site and on the Worldcon Events YouTube
channel .

[One suspects that the names will be available on Twitter et al
even as they are being announced.]


TOPIC: My Picks for Turner Classic Movies in April (comments by
Mark R. Leeper)

Here I am again suggesting what my picks of April would be.  These
are the films that if I had not seen and they became available I
would have liked someone to grab me by the lapels and sat me in
front of.  There is this problem that I am revealing my choices in
March (February, actually) and it may be weeks before the films
will actually show on TCM.  I guess you may need to schedule a
reminder to program your machine to record these films.  Write
yourself a note.  Now.  I'll wait.  All films are listed as Eastern
Daylight Time zone.

Turner has not shown THE IN-LAWS (1979) since 2002.  That seems an
excessive wait considering this film is one of the great laugh-out-
loud comedies.  Alan Arkin plays a simpy Manhattan dentist whose
daughter is getting married.  He has one reservation.  He has not
yet met his daughter's prospective father-in-law, Peter Falk.  When
they do meet Falk turns out to be worse than Arkin could have
possibly imagined. Falk seems to want to be listened to and makes
up absolutely absurd stories at the drop of the hat.  He claims in
Guatemala mosquitoes are so big they carry off babies.  Soon Falk
has Arkin breaking into buildings because Falk claims he is under
special orders from the United States Government.  Arkin is
convinced for the sake of the upcoming marriage just to go along
with Falk and that only gets him deeper and deeper into hot water.
One thing just leads to another and another is bigger and stranger
than the one before.  Arkin and Falk would have made a great comedy
[Sunday, April 15, 2:00 AM]

What is the best film of the month?  This is a good month on TCM
and there are a lot of films that could be chosen for best film.  I
am going to go with my instincts and pick Billy Wilder's STALAG 17.
The setting is a German prison camp in World War II organized to
hold only captured American Sergeants.  It does not sound like a
fun setting, but there are well-drawn comic characters.  The men
keep trying to organize escape attempts, but the Germans foil every
attempt.  Soon the men realize they must have a spy in midst.  The
obvious suspect is Sefton (William Holden).  Sefton makes a good
living as the camp scrounge.  Too good a living.  Sefton has to
prove his innocence against the growing hatred of his barracks
mates.  Side note: even the actors did not know who the traitor
was.  They only found out when the got the script pages just before
the shot.  This film MUST have inspired Hogan's Heroes, but it is
much better than any TV series.
[Monday, April 9, 10:00 PM]

I would never forgive myself if I left out a plug for two of the
four Quatermass films.  The 1956 film THE QUATERMASS XPERIMENT
(sic) is the first Quatermass film in which Bernard Quatermass of
the British Rocket Group has sent the first men into space and
brought him back.  I say "him" because there is only one man who
returns to Earth.  The two missing men constitute a threat to every
human and animal on Earth.  FIVE MILLION YEARS TO EARTH, originally
titled QUATERMASS AND THE PIT is one of the most sophisticated and
intelligent films ever made.  Both films are based on BBC teleplays
that built a huge following in Britain.
[Saturday, April 28, 8:00 PM]: THE QUATERMASS XPERIMENT
[Saturday, April 28, 9:45 PM]: FIVE MILLION YEARS TO EARTH

TCM has set up a four-film series of films based on fanciful 19th
century stories.  I guess you could say they are "steam punk."
Starting Thursday April 12:

  8:00 PM DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE (1941)
  1:15 AM FIRST MEN IN THE MOON (1964)
  3:15 AM TIME MACHINE, THE (1960)



TOPIC: THE FREEZE FRAME REVOLUTION by Peter Watts (copyright 2018,
Tachyon Publications, Print ISBN 13 978-1-61696-252-4, Digital
Formats 978-1-61696-010-0) (book review by Joe Karpierz)

I've been a fan of Peter Watts since I read BLINDSIGHT, his 2006
novel that was a finalist for the Hugo award in 2007.  I remember
not being really sure of what I was reading, but I was convinced
that Watts was writing some pretty cool stuff of the type I hadn't
much seen before.  His material is not for the weak of heart; it's
dark, thought provoking, and in general not very optimistic.  It's
smart, layered, and involved.  It's not summertime beach reading.

Watts' latest novella--or novel, if you believe the publisher
(according to a footnote in the acknowledgements)--"The Freeze
Frame Revolution", fits all those descriptions.  It is, apparently,
part of a sequence of stories called Sunflowers.  One of the
stories in the sequence, The Island, won the 2010 Hugo award for
Best Novelette.  The Island, which I made a point of mentioning in
my review of Watts' short story collection Beyond the Rift, follows
"The Freeze Frame Revolution" chronologically in the sequence.  The
other stories are "Hotshot" and "Giants", which I have not read.  I
don't believe that reading "The Freeze Frame Revolution" without
reading the others will detract from the reader's enjoyment of the
story, but of course your mileage may vary.

As with "The Island", the story tells the tale of the crew of a
starship that is travelling throughout space to build a network of
wormholes that will allow interstellar travel (and thus get around
the problem of the limitation imposed by the speed of light).  It
actually didn't occur to me until I was reading "The Freeze Frame
Revolution" that those wormhole networks really had to be built by
someone; they can't just mystically appear, although most novels
don't spend much time, if any, talking about how the networks came
to be.  There are several thousand crew members, and every few
thousand years the ship's AI, CHIMP, wakes up a subset of them to
help build the next gate in the network.  In general, CHIMP doesn't
really need the human crew in most cases, but just in case
something goes wrong some humans are awakened--to keep an eye on
things.  These crew members are only awake for a few days at a
time, then go back to into hibernation.

And thus, we see the scale of the story and the challenge presented
to the crew.  The mission is lasting millions (if not billions) of
years; after all, the ship, the Eriophora--an apt name given its
function--does not have the benefit of the very wormhole gate
network they are building.  The mission planners are certainly no
longer around, so the crew questions whether the mission is even
useful any more.  Has humanity developed some advanced technology
that supersedes the need for the wormhole gate network?

And how do you make friends, how do you communicate with the people
you do meet?  CHIMP determines who is awake at any given time.
While the crew is divided into groups such that group members work
together, not all members of the group are awakened at the same
time, and sometimes people outside the group are awakened to give
the work teams a mix, a different perspective. How do you
communicate across the millennia, especially if you're trying to
organize a group with common interests?  And how do you something
in secret right under the nose of an AI that can monitor your every
move, an AI that has control over everything on the ship, including
who lives and dies?

While the basis to the story is the building of the wormhole gate
network, this is really a story about humanity trying to perform a
mission they're not sure has meaning any longer.  It's dark, and
it's not pleasant--but it's vintage Peter Watts. It's an engaging
piece of fiction that will have you wondering about the makers of
the next wormhole gate network you read about in someone else's
story--and whether they ever finished the project, and if they did,
what happened after that. It's science fiction on a grand scale,
covering countless millennia and light-years.  It's a story that
doesn't leave the reader comfortable, and it's terrific.  But if
you wanted comfortable, you wouldn't be reading anything by Peter
Watts.  [-jak]


(book review by Gregory Frederick)

History has resonance even if it does not exactly repeat itself.
That seems to be the theme of this history book.  Cline's book
looks into the fall of late Bronze Age civilizations in the Aegean
and Eastern Mediterranean around 1177 B.C.  Before this approximate
date there existed mighty Bronze Age kingdoms and empires like the
Mycenaean Greeks, Minoans, Hittites, Trojans, and Babylonians.
These empires were replaced in the early Iron Age which followed
the Bronze Age by smaller city states like Classical Greece had.
Most archaeologists believe that a mysterious group of people known
as the Sea Peoples attacked these kingdoms by land and sea and
brought about their destruction.  But this author, who is also an
archaeologist thinks that it is more complex than just blaming this
event on a single group.  These kingdoms were connected into one of
the first global economies that the world had known.  They were so
inter-connected that the collapse of one kingdom could have
initiated the fall of another.  In this period in history Cline
indicates that earthquakes, drought (or other climate change),
invasions and the cutting of trade routes all could have led to
this collapse.  There are parallels to our own world in this
ancient world collapse.  Our own highly inter-connected world is
susceptible to a one form of collapse or another.  In 2008, the
Wall Street Market collapse caused many to fear that worldwide
monetary issues would occur if the banking institutions were not
bailed out for example.  The more inter-connected the world is the
more vulnerable it is to a destabilizing event.  This is a well-
written account of an interesting period in ancient history.  [-gf]


TOPIC: Squid vs. Calamari (letter of comment by Dan Cox)

In response to various comments on squid and calamari in the
03/23/18 issue of the MT VOID, Dan Cox writes:

The standard answer for beef vs. cow, pork vs. pig, is that after
the Norman invasion, while French was the language of the upper
class and Anglo-Saxon the language of the lower classes, the food
names come from French and the animal names from Anglo-Saxon.
Here's one article on the topic:


Evelyn responds:

This would be more convincing if Spanish did not also have
different words for cow (vaca) and beef (res).  [-ecl]


TOPIC: Rules for Film Reviewing (letter of comment by Arthur T)

In response to Mark's comments on his rules for film reviewing in
the 03/23/18 issue of the MT VOID, Arthur T writes:

I have a few comments on your "Rules As a Film Reviewer":

These seem like good rules. Thanks for sharing them with us.

I like the distinction someone (Spider Robinson?) made, that a
reviewer tries to tell you whether you will like something, where a
critic tries to tell you whether you *should* like something.  That
suggests to me that a critic can have guilty pleasures, that is
works that objectively shouldn't be enjoyable, but that the critic
liked, anyway.

You said, "A knowledgeable reader might find of more interest in
where the idea was used before."  I had to read that a few times
before I figured out what you meant.  Is that the phrasing you
really want?

P.S.  Your issue's "Whole Number" looked like a year at first.  Do
you have anything planned for when (probably next year) your
issue's number matches the then-current year?  [-at]

Mark responds:

How about "A more seasoned reader might be interested to see where
an idea has been used in the past."  [-mrl]


TOPIC: This Week's Reading (book comments by Evelyn C. Leeper)

A lot of people have been raving about WHAT UNITES US: REFLECTIONS
ON PATRIOTISM by Dan Rather & Elliot Kirschner (ISBN 978-1-61620-
782-3).  I am not going to write a full review, but I will make
some observations.

First, though it is by "Dan Rather & Elliot Kirschner", Rather's
name is in letters twice as high as Kirschner's, and everyone
refers to it as being Dan Rather's book.  This is probably
accurate, since it is written almost entirely in the first person.
Given that Rather was a journalist, I would not have thought he
would need a co-author with the writing part.

Rather tells many stories of noble deeds, but they are never his.
When he talks about his experiences, it is either neutral, or he
relates how embarrassed or even ashamed he is now at his attitude
or behavior at the time, towards minorities, or gays, or Jews, or
women.  The praiseworthy actions are those of others: his father,
voting with African-Americans who dared to attend a precinct
meeting in 1940s Texas; his mother, who said that gave the poor
children across the street toys for Christmas not because they felt
sorry for the children, but because they understood how the
children felt.  In other words, they were not different from the
children--they were the same.

But too much of it seems to be more "what united us" than "what
unites us."  Rather writes of how what was great about us before
and even up until recently, but then so often talks about how we
seem to have lost that, or forgotten that, or think that is no
longer important.  He speaks of how we have recovered from low
points before (World War I sedition laws, Japanese-American
internment, McCarthyism) and how we can again, but the question
still remains as to whether we will.

He also mis-attributes at least one important idea. He writes that
Warren Buffet talks about the "ovarian lottery": before birth, you
can design the political/social/economic system of the world, but
your position in that world will be totally random.  So you can
design the ante-bellum South, but you are more likely to find
yourself slave than free, and even if you are free, you could as
equally be born a woman as a man.  However, Buffet did not invent
this.  John Rawls wrote about this in 1971, calling it "the veil of

On another topic: Why do the "Norton Critical Editions" label Mark
Twain's works as being by Samuel Langhorne Clemens (on the front
cover, the spine, and the title page, and in the bibliographic
information), but label ALICE IN WONDERLAND as being by Lewis
Carroll?  [-ecl]


                                           Mark Leeper

           The man whose life is devoted to paperwork has lost the
           initiative.  He is dealing with things that are brought
           to his notice, having ceased to notice anything for
                                           --C. Northcote Parkinson