Mt. Holz Science Fiction Society
05/18/18 -- Vol. 36, No. 46, Whole Number 2015

Co-Editor: Mark Leeper,
Co-Editor: Evelyn Leeper,
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        Mark and Evelyn Go To India (Part 4) (comments
                by Mark R. Leeper)
        WONDER WOMAN (film review by Mark R. Leeper)
        THE NINE by Tracy Townsend (book review by Joe Karpierz)
        THE GREATEST SHOWMAN (film review by Mark R. Leeper)
        This Week's Reading (Retro Hugo Award Best Novelette
                finalists: "Bridle and Saddle", "Foundation",
                "Goldfish Bowl", "The Star Mouse", "There Shall Be
                Darkness", and "The Weapon Shop") (book comments
                by Evelyn C. Leeper)


TOPIC: Mark and Evelyn Go To India (Part 4) (comments by Mark
R. Leeper)

In last week's adventure we were just being kidnapped.

It took a bit of persuading, but we got back to our hotel.  So Mark
started to pay the Rs15.  "Only 15?" the driver asked, as if he
didn't remember the price he'd asked for.  "FIFTEEN!"  He paid the
driver. All in all, probably a typical Agra experience.  Evelyn had
read a story in the Lonely Planet guide about somebody who got sick
in India and told a rickshaw driver he needed a doctor desperately.
The driver told him to get in and drove at high speed to a factory.
When the passenger protested (feebly), he was assured that a doctor
did work there!  (The details may not be exactly right, but we
believe the story.  It could easily happen in Agra, where the Euro-
tourist and the donkey are here to be used.  That may be a bit of
an over-statement, but we bet people who have been to Agra will
know what he means.)  We hope Jaipur will be better but we don't
have high hopes.

We got back to the room, told the Sikhs we did not want to go into
the shop right then, and went inside.  There we could not get the
air conditioner on.  Also, the room had not been made up, but we
didn't know if this was standard or not for this hotel.  (During
our entire stay the room was not made up.  That did not bother us
much, but we did have to find a bellhop to get toilet paper that
had run out that morning.  Toilet paper comes only on very small
rolls, so it runs out quickly.  And having the wastebaskets emptied
would have been nice.  At least there is a wastebasket.  In most
public restrooms there doesn't seem to be one.  This can at times
be a problem for women.  The hotel also puts mothballs on top of
each drain.  Now we doubt that moths in drains are a big problem,
so we wonder why they do this.)

After about half an hour somebody showed up to look at the air
conditioner.  After about five minutes he left and returned with a
new stabilizer.  There is no nightstand on Mark's side of the bed.
There is a "stabilizer."  We're not sure exactly what it does, but
it is a big metal box the size of a breadbox with a red button and
an electric gauge on the front.  The air conditioner plugs into it
and it plugs into the wall.  It has two big silver grab-bars on the
top.  It must weigh forty pounds (eighteen kilograms).  Anyway,
after about another five minutes the guy brought someone else in to
work on the stabilizer.  He stripped wires, made a few nice sparks,
and then declared that the stabilizer would have to be replaced.
He took it out.  A few minutes later he was back with a new
stabilizer and proceeded to install it.  This took about another
five minutes.  As he left, the air conditioner ran.  Of course, at
the next brown-out which was just a few minutes later, it started
acting flaky again.  It seems to go out and come back for no
apparent reason, though at least partly connected to when Agra has
brown-outs, which is two or three times a night.

Hotel rules here are different from the United States as well.
Apparently you can be evicted at any time for any reason (or no
reason!).  And of course, there are interminable forms with
passport numbers, visa numbers, etc.

But the strangest thing may be Agra's version of "trickle-down"
economics--Mother less complimentary descriptions would also be
accurate.  Evelyn thinks it's worse here than in Varanasi, but that
may be just her impression.  Moona arranges an auto-rickshaw for a
certain amount.  He keeps some (30%?--Evelyn thinks that's what one
driver said) and gives the driver the rest.  The driver then takes
us around and suggests a store to shop in.  If we go in, he gets
Rs20.  Somehow everyone is paying everyone else.

Unfortunately, India doesn't seem as "accessible" at night as
Southeast Asia was.  There, we could walk out our hotel door at 8
PM and people were walking around, stores were open, etc.  Here the
hotels are all isolated from the street, surrounded by fences and
guards, and you can't just stroll.  (Even during the day, it's hard
just to stroll.) Then again, we're getting old and probably need
our evenings to rest up.  [-mrl]


TOPIC: WONDER WOMAN (film review by Mark R. Leeper)

CAPSULE: Patty Jenkins directs the film adaptation of the comic
book superhero Diana, played by Gal Gadot.  As introspective as we
could expect from a superhero film, WONDER WOMAN takes place in the
closing days of WWI when Diana follows American flyer Steve Trevor
to the trenches of the French Army where the Germans are brewing a
super-weapon.  Rating: +2 (-4 to +4) or 7/10

The Amazons of Themyscira are a tribe of women who live on an
island shrouded in invisibility.  Their task, given them by Greek
gods, is to guard peace and to protect the world from war.  Since
we begin the story in the midst of World War I we know that they
have been falling down just a bit.  We focus on young Diana (played
by Gal Gadot) who is committed to Peace, but who also harbors an
urge to get into combat and to fight for Peace.  She is trained to
fight, and collects some magical weapons.  Her life changes when
she runs across a downed American pilot (Chris Pine), the first man
she has ever seen, and she decides to go with him back to his
world.  There she becomes part of the struggle against the Germans
who are developing a super-weapon.  This weapon may bring an end to
Diana's world and to Steve's.

Allan Heinberg's script takes its time getting to the major
conflict, then really goes overboard.  The script by is unusually
introspective as characters discuss questions of morality.  On a
lighter note there is a sequence with the explanation of sex to
Amazons who have never seen a male.  The film also has a strong
anti-war message going with more realistic carnage in its battle
scenes and perhaps goes a bit far when the French army commanders
refuse to make an effort to save innocent soldiers.  At least the
script was written to not require the viewer to have seen previous
films or be familiar with the Marvel universe.  It is interesting
that the DC universe has chosen Greek myth as a basis for their
film after Marvel built theirs on Norse folklore.  We have
competing systems of lore.  I rate WONDER WOMAN a +2 on the -4 to
+4 scale or 7/10.

Film Credits:

What others are saying:



TOPIC: THE NINE by Tracy Townsend (copyright 2017, Pyr, $18.00,
trade paperback, 367 pp, ISBN 978-1-63388-341-3) (excerpt from the
Duel Fish Codices: a book review by Joe Karpierz)

Finding new writers is not a really difficult thing to do these
days.  Like Starbucks in downtown Chicago (where I worked for a
year and a half), you can't go too far without encountering another
one (I was going to say you can't go two blocks without tripping
over the next one, but I don't think that discovering new writers
by tripping over them is the recommended method).  But finding a
good new writer is something else again.

As I've written before, I usually find new writers, or at least
writers I've not heard of or read before, in the Hugo finalists
lists.  Whether it be novels or short fiction, there doesn't seem
to be a shortage of new writers challenging for the coveted Hugo.
However, I often hear of new writers on podcasts that I listen to.
In particular, The Functional Nerds podcast, hosted by Hugo Award
winning Patrick Hester and John Anealio frequently host new writers
eager to talk about their books.  It was here that I learned of
Tracy Townsend, author of The Nine, her first novel.  In the
interest of full disclosure, I met Tracy at Capricon 38, a
convention that I attend regularly (and a convention for which I
have managed to find my way on to the  committee, but that's
another story).

The setting is the city of Corma, a steampunkish city ...
somewhere.  The somewhere, and somewhen, are not important.  What
is important is the world in which it exists.  It is a world in
which religion and science have been melded together.  There are
believers in the old ways, of course--the old religion, if you
will--but the premise that God, the Creator, whoever or whatever
he, she, or it might be is a great scientific experimenter is a
fascinating one.  More on that later.

It just so happens that at the time of the novel, a convention is
in town of all the, how shall I put it, religious scientists  (or
maybe it's scientific clergy).  Two of those intending to attend
the convention, Phillip Chalmers and Nora Pierce, are to present a
paper that will shake the Order (or order, if you will--you'll
understand that in a bit) to its foundations.

Meanwhile, a black market courier named Rowena Downshire is making
a not-so-routine delivery to a man known simply as The Alchemist.
She is robbed of the item she is to deliver by dark, horrifying
creature.  Figuring that it's better to tell the truth and ask
forgiveness from the person she was supposed to deliver the items
to rather than go back and face the rather of her master, she
approaches The Alchemist with her story.  And thus begins, in
earnest, the tale of THE NINE. Or The Nine.

Yeah, about that.  So, without giving too much more away than I
already have, let's just say that the paper that is to be presented
by Pierce and Chalmers, the item that was stolen--a book, that it
seems everybody desperately wants, including the bad guys (of
course)--and The Nine are all related.  It seems that God is
conducting an experiment, and will make His decision whether to
allow humanity to keep living or to terminate it completely based
totally upon how a particularly nine human beings conduct their

So, let's summarize, shall we?  Science and religion reconciled, a
book with important information in it, and a God who just may be a
mad scientist experimenting with the human race?  Okay, I'm in.

It's no secret that I prefer science fiction over fantasy.  It's
not that I dislike fantasy; I have made a conscious choice to read
science fiction because that is what I grew up with and what I like
more.  After all, I have a Bachelor of *Science* degree, although
some may argue that Computer Science is more mystic mumbo jumbo
than a *real* science, like quantum physics (now *there's* mystic
mumbo jumbo if I've ever seen it).  I've read any number of fantasy
novels and short fiction by choice--and liked them.  What I like
about THE NINE is that it nicely merges both science and fantasy in
a story that is intriguing, engaging, and interesting.

I need to briefly talk about the characters.  Some stories are not
designed to be character pieces; they are showcases for ideas,
where the characters are there simply as a vehicle to move the
stories along.  That's perfectly okay.  Those stories have their
place and I enjoy those stories very much (see my recent review of
Alastair Reynolds' THE PREFECT).  THE NINE, however, gives us
mysterious and interesting characters.  The Alchemist and his
partner in this story, Anselm Meteron, are deeper than we know so
far (yes, THE NINE is the first book of the Thieves of Fate series)
and definitely have some stuff lurking underneath. Rowena has some
stuff going on too, and I think we're going to find out a lot more
about her as well.  Even the big bad monsters are interesting,
although I'm still having a bit of a tough time with a creature
who's eyes are in its feet.

I've said this before about any number of books I've picked up that
aren't in my wheelhouse:  this is not a book I would have normally
picked up to read, but it suprised me and as a result I'm glad I
did.  I think you will be too.  [-jak]


TOPIC: THE GREATEST SHOWMAN (film review by Mark R. Leeper)

CAPSULE: This is a largely fictionalized and very glitzy account of
the life of Phineas T. Barnum who went from suffering severe
poverty to being one of the richest men in the world as the
inventor of a new art form, the American circus.  It dramatizes
several of the more familiar incidents of his life and career,
including his introductions of General Tom Thumb, his bearded lady
and the tour of opera singer Jenny Lind.  Fanciful in its
production, this is a "spiced-up" version of the life of
P. T. Barnum.  Barnum builds his empire on imagination and dream.
Rating: high +2 (-4 to +4) or 8/10

THE GREATEST SHOWMAN was written by Jenny Bicks and directed by
Michael Gracey.  Their hands turn the story into a musical
imaginative extravaganza with 21st Century Broadway singing and
pyrotechnic dancing.  The story centers, of course, on Barnum and
his ever-faithful wife and his dealings with his so-called
oddities" who would have been called by the less pleasant name of
"freaks."   Barnum, played by Hugh Jackman, seems to make every
effort to make his circus a bigotry-free environment for his
oddities, but in the end he may have prejudice of his own.

There is not as much attention given to Barnum's American Museum as
there is to his circus.  In an alchemy not really explained by what
we see onscreen, the screen Barnum just happens to run into perfect
oddities for the real-life Barnum's exhibitions, a circumstance
Barnum would have envied.  They appear perfect without them being
developed *and* made up and he can immediately see them as they
will appear on-stage.  At his first glance at his future bearded
lady she looks exactly how she will look on their stage.

Bicks' screenplay returns repeatedly to issues of prejudice,
lookism, sexism, snobbism, bullying, and racism. It is a surprising
volume for a single film.  While Barnum defends his oddities from
the bigots and bullies, we see him later in a different light.
Barnum himself is not free from similar prejudice on a higher
level.  Jackman as the famous Master of Ceremonies adds a lot of
class to the performers on the stages.  Jackman does not look at
all like Barnum, but he will do until a better one comes along.

The American musical has been foundering since the 1960s.  We are
not getting more musical plays like THE KING AND I or MY FAIR LADY.
MOULIN ROUGE is not much of a substitute, much less LA LA LAND.
Occasionally a new musical comes along giving us a successful
musical and there may be a few more as a film comes along to test
the waters.  THE GREATEST SHOWMAN would probably not have been
released but for the successful recent LA LA LAND.  The irony is
that while LA LA LAND probably enabled THE GREATEST SHOWMAN to be
made, THE GREATEST SHOWMAN is by far the better musical.  I rate
the film a high +2 on the -4 to +4 scale.  The proper name for the
film should have been BARNUM! but there has already been a
successful Broadway musical of that name.  THE GREATEST SHOWMAN is
available on streaming and disk.

Film Credits:

What others are saying:



TOPIC: This Week's Reading (book comments by Evelyn C. Leeper)

Here are my comments and ranking for "Best Novelette" for the Retro
Hugo Awards for works published in 1942:

"Bridle and Saddle", by Isaac Asimov (Astounding Science Fiction,
June 1942): This was rewritten somewhat and renamed "The Mayors"
and was the third section of the novel FOUNDATION.  At least
"Foundation" (see below) was able to give some back story; "Bridle
and Saddle" assumes (not unreasonably for the time) a familiarity
with the earlier story, and no real ending.  (Then again, one can
claim that "The Foundation Trilogy" has the same problem, and all
the later books Asimov wrote did not really solve it--nor the books
by Greg Bear, Greg Benford, David Brin, or Donald Kingsbury.)

I am bothered by Asimov's notion (expressed through his characters)
that Hari Seldon's predictions are basically inviolate, that what
they should do is take no action at all until they have no choice
in what action to take.  I am not a trained diplomat, but this
seems like a *terrible* plan.  (And why if later on the secrecy of
the existence of the Second Foundation is so important, does Seldon
go out of his way to point it out during his appearance?

"Foundation", by Isaac Asimov (Astounding Science Fiction, May
1942): This was rewritten slightly and renamed "The Encyclopedists"
and was the second section of the novel FOUNDATION.  Even though it
ran as a stand-alone story, it really had no ending.  In ISAAC
ASIMOV PRESENTS THE GREAT SF STORIES 4 (1942), Asimov says that was
deliberately left open-ended, to make Campbell ask for more
stories, but I mean more than this: Asimov just tells you the
immediate problem was solved, without telling you how.  (He does
reveal the answer in the next story, "Bridle and Saddle" (see

"Goldfish Bowl", by Anson MacDonald (Robert A. Heinlein):
(Astounding Science Fiction, March 1942):  Alexei Panshin describes
this as "lacking in significance and importance."  Robert Wilfred
Franson says that it is "a philosophical or theological story, told
in a clear style and straightforward treatment to present its
awesome subject manner in full force."  Clearly, there is
disagreement over this story.  My feeling is that it is based on an
intriguing idea but that parts of it seem to have been padded out
and the delivery is not subtle.  Still, Eisenberg's final message
has become one of the classic lines of science fiction.

"The Star Mouse", by Fredric Brown (Planet Stories, Spring 1942): I
guess back in 1942 the scientist's accent was supposed to be funny,
but now it just seems annoying.  The phonetic representation means
it is harder to read; then again, maybe Brown *wanted* to have the
reader pay more attention, though the fact that the rest of the
story is ordinary English means that it only slightly accomplishes
that.  Without the "funny" accent, the story is really just its
"surprise" ending.

"There Shall Be Darkness", by C. L. Moore (Astounding Science
Fiction, February 1942): This combination of science fiction,
primitive race, and barbarians was quite popular 75 years ago.  It
doesn't read so well now, but the main female character is
interesting in being strong while still not alienating the male
readers of the time.

"The Weapon Shop", by A. E. van Vogt (Astounding Science Fiction,
December 1942): This is yet another story about how arming
civilians is important (I guess this may have been in response to
the war in Europe).  But Van Vogt was never an author to have just
one idea, so he has portals to other planets and a scheme to
defraud the main character as well.  It later became part of the

Rankings: "Goldfish Bowl", "The Weapon Shop", "There Shall Be
Darkness", no award, "Foundation", "The Star Mouse", "Bridle and



                                           Mark Leeper

           I hate to be near the sea, and to hear it raging and
           roaring like a wild beast in its den.  It puts me in
           mind of the everlasting efforts of the human mind,
           struggling to be free and ending just where it began.
                                           --William Hazlitt