Mt. Holz Science Fiction Society
02/01/19 -- Vol. 37, No. 31, Whole Number 2052

Co-Editor: Mark Leeper,
Co-Editor: Evelyn Leeper,
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        My Top Ten Films of 2018 (film comments by Mark R. Leeper)
        THE GOLEM (2018) (film review by Mark R. Leeper)
        IN LIKE FLYNN (film review by Mark R. Leeper)
        Elevations (letters of comment by Joshua Kreitzer,
                Dorothy J. Heydt, Peter Trei, and Lowell Gilbert)
        This Week's Reading (THE BLACK GOD'S DRUMS, THE DREAM-QUEST
                OF VELLITT BOE, and PROOF OF CONCEPT) (book comments
                by Evelyn C. Leeper)


TOPIC: My Top Ten Films of 2018 (film comments by Mark R. Leeper)

Well, 2018 has come to a controversial end.  Let us hope that 2019
has a better ending.  I am now choosing what are the ten best new
films I saw in the year 2019.  This year we seem to have had a more
dreary collection of in even the best films than we have seen that
in previous years.  I have no film that I can whole-heartedly
recommend to any film fan.

It seems to me that a higher proportion of films than usual are on
the subject of the Black-White experience and race relations and
particularly those between black teens and police.  I guess that
was to be expected in a year in which there were so many fatal
incidents involving police and black teens.  Film is usually
thought of as an escape from a troubled world.  2018 showed just
how hard it is to find such escapes.  The title of my first film
does not promise to be any more cheerful.

1) THE HATE U GIVE: Spike Lee showed one possible scenario for a
spark that starts a race riot with his DO THE RIGHT THING.  In THE
HATE U GIVE Director George Tillman presents us with a very
different genesis but one that also leads to riots. While the film
is a bit hard-bitten it seems a little too anxious to have a
positive ending. Several racially charged and involved issues are
brought together in an effective story.
Director: George Tillman, Jr.
Writers: Audrey Wells, Angie Thomas.

2) ROMA: This is Alfonso Cuaron's semi-autobiographical account of
his life as a boy over the course of a very eventful year, 1970 and
1971.  It is the story of one upper middle class family in a time
of social turbulence.  Cuaron shot the film in monochrome, which
intensifies the emotional impact.  It is not particularly a message
film, or at least not primarily.  The main character is the family
servant Cleo, who is underappreciated and herself having a bad
year.  The people of the household by the end seem superficial
compared to Cleo.  This is a film that sticks with the viewer.
Director: Alfonso Cuaron
Writer: Alfonso Cuaron

3) BLACKKKLANSMAN: In this film a black policemen tries to
investigate and if possible infiltrate the Colorado Springs chapter
of the Ku Klux Klan by talking to them over he telephone.  When it
turns out they insist they will have to see him in the flesh
another policeman will represent the physical part of this invented
racist.  This film is based on a true story but still manages to
include and coordinate drama, comedy, and suspense.  Along the way
it (superficially) tells the history of the Ku Klux Klan and also
manages to include some excitement and give a viewer a history of
American racism going back to THE BIRTH OF A NATION and up to
Director: Spike Lee
Writers: Charlie Wachtel, David Rabinowitz, Kevin Willmott, Spike

4) MISSION IMPOSSIBLE: FALLOUT: Thisa is the latest continuation of
the popular TV and film series.  In fact it sidesteps the tropes of
the series and really seems to have none of the tropes that made
the series what it was.  The ideas have been largely supplanted by
death-defying stunts.  There are no self-destructive assignment
messages; no choosing a team that would have the strongest synergy.
Also it was in part a sort of borrowing from the James Bond films;
most of the stunts are performed by the lead actor, always to show
Tom Cruise's athletic prowess.  The stories were more complex and
adult than the Bond films' plots.  Where Bond films usually had a
sexual subtext there was very little hanky-panky.  I would not have
expected it but the Cruise's are starting to make for better films
than the Bonds.  MISSION IMPOSSIBLE: FALLOUT is just about better
than QUANTUM OF SOLACE.  The plot is an attempt to head off a
nuclear threat, just like some people do in the real world.  Oh,
and Cruise does (mostly?) his own stunts.
Director: Christopher McQuarrie
Writers: Christopher McQuarrie

5) WON'T YOU BE MY NEIGHBOR?: This is a biographical documentary
about the life and the career of Fred Rogers.  A friend told me
that housewives really appreciate PBS running the children's TV
show, MR. ROGERS' NEIGHBORHOOD.  Fred Rogers had a talent for
keeping children entertained while he calmed them down.  He
instilled values into his viewers.  There were no guns.  In fact no
conflict that could not be solved by getting to know and respect
all people.  There were no guns in evidence, though there was a
discussion that nuclear war existed and Mr. Rogers told children
about them as a loving parent would tell a child.  The world is a
better place for his gentle demeanor.
Director: Morgan Neville

6) BOY ERASED: I have been fascinated by methods to "brainwash"
victims and effectively reprogram their minds.  This film is the
fact-based story of the late-teen son of a Baptist preacher.  Jared
Eamons, son of Marshall Eamons, lets his father know that the son
is gay.  This sets off an explosion in the family relationships.
Marshall registers his son in a gay conversion therapy program.
The film dramatizes Jared's struggle to maintain who he is rather
than who his family wants him to be.
Director: Joel Edgerton
Writer: Joel Edgerton

7) VICE: In this biographic account of the political life of Dick
Chaney as portrayed by Christian Bale, Bale gives a bravura
performance as Dick Cheney who saw a path to great political power
by way of the seemingly innocuous office of the Vice President.
Much of what happens was surmised for Adam McKay's script.
Director: Adam McKay
Writer: Adam McKay

8) 22 JULY; The title was the date of Norway's most deadly
terrorist attack as a right-wing extremist seized an island
belonging to a youth camp and opened fire.  In total he murdered 77
victims.  Shot in a photo-realistic style with handheld cameras, it
shows us the government's efforts to recue the captives.  The film
has a real sense of immediacy.
Director: Paul Greengrass
Writers: Paul Greengrass, Asne Seierstad

9) THREE IDENTICAL STRANGERS: This is a non-fiction documentary.
In 1980 a man starting out college is surprised to find out that a
large number of people on campus already seemed to know him.  He
had never met them.  They are complete strangers, but it appeared
at first that they are identical twins.  They seemed to have been
identical twins separated at birth.  That seems very unlikely, and
it is soon disproved.  Instead there were three identical triplets
separated at birth.  This could not have been a natural occurrence.
So what was going on?
Director: Tim Wardle

10) MOWGLI: LEGEND OF THE JUNGLE is the story of Mowgli, Rudyard
Kipling's human boy-hero.  Mowgli was found as a human baby in the
jungle. Orphaned he was raised by wild wolves.  It was adapted for
the screen several times never quite satisfyingly.  The filmmakers
always have had to decide how to depict screen images and languages
that were animals who looked like they were actually talking.  In
the new adaptation the talking animals are animated by CGI.  This
is a completely acceptable means of rendering the images the screen
would need.  This may be the screens best rendering of the Kipling.
The director is probably the world's greatest authority on motion
capture animation, Andy Serkis (formerly Gollum and Kong).
Director: Andy Serkis
Writers: Callie Cloves, Rudyard Kipling



TOPIC: THE GOLEM (2018) (film review by Mark R. Leeper)

CAPSULE: This is one of the rare horror films built around that
folkloric creature, the golem.  As with most golem tales, the golem
is an animated statue used for defense.  But in this film the golem
plot is upstaged by the view of life in 1673 in an Eastern European
shtetl (i.e. a small Jewish village) setting.  The Jews are
persecuted and murdered until one starts thinking that making a
golem is required for justice.  Directors the Israeli Paz Brothers
(Doron and Yoav); Writer: Ariel Cohen.  Rating: +2 (-4 to +4) or

I knew from an early age the difference between reality and
fantasy.  I quickly decided that fantasy was a lot more fun.  My
imagination was full of werewolves, vampires, and humans
constructed from reclaimed parts.  But I had never heard of a golem
until I was about bar mitzvah age.  I was entranced.  "Wow! A
Jewish monster!"  I explored everything I could get my hands on
that involved golems.

For the benefit of the uninitiated, a pious person can sculpt a
clay figure of a human and then, if he knows God's mystical
formula--and it is a well-guarded secret--he can use the formula to
bring the sculpture to life.  In Jewish folklore golems can be used
as super-heroes.  Or with huge strength they can also be deadly
monsters.  Some golem stories have plots that are very like that of
the Sorcerer's Apprentice.  Others are much more like FRANKENSTEIN
monsters.  Golem lore may have inspired both stories.

The Paz Brothers' film THE GOLEM has right the look and feel of a
small Jewish shtetl in 17th century Lithuania.  It was a very bad
time for the Jews (but then rarely has it not been a bad time for
Jews).  There is a plague ravaging most of the region but not the
isolated Jewish shtetl where the story is set.  The main character
is Hanna, who wants an education in Jewish mysticism.  She still
mourns for her son killed seven years previously.  She wants to use
forbidden knowledge to resurrect the son.

The local gentiles blame the Jews for the plague.  Murdering Jews
has become the local popular sport and a sort of religious duty.
One non-Jew has come to the shtetl in the hope that they can cure
his plague-ridden daughter, but in return for the restraint of
killing only Hanna's sister and one other person, they offer him a
place to stay away from the sickness.  The murderous visitor,
Vladimir, tells the Jews that they seem to be able to avoid the
plague, and if they let his daughter die he will have revenge on
them all.

Bitter from her experiences, Hanna has immersed herself in mystical
books, learning how to use them for power.  Hanna is warned by
others in the shtetl that if she reads the many texts she wants she
could lose her mind.  The style of the writing is slow, and

The Paz Brothers previously wrote the zombie film JERUZALAM co-
directed here.  THE GOLEM is a big improvement, but it still has an
undeniable drag to it at times.  It has some of the tone of THE
DYBBUK (1938) or THE VVITCH (2015).  Bloody violence is mostly kept
off-screen but toward the end it is used more freely.

The plot of THE GOLEM runs parallel to that of the Golem of Prague.
The depiction of the golem is unusual.  But he is wet biology
inside and is portrayed as a human covered with mud in his earlier
scenes.  And he has other strange powers not usually associated
with golems.

This makes it at once a good movie about a golem and a not-so-good
golem movie. It will be interesting to see if horror film fans
embrace it in general.  Over all I rate it +2 on the -4 to +4 scale
or 7/10.

Film Credits:

What others are saying:



TOPIC: IN LIKE FLYNN (film review by Mark R. Leeper)

CAPSULE: Based on an autobiography by actor Errol Flynn (CAPTAIN
story of an adventure shared by Flynn and three friends, searching
for gold.  The four have varying views of what their worldviews
should be.  The pacing is uneven, but the film still has some
philosophical heft.  Directed by: Russell Mulcahy; Written by:        Marc
Furmie, Corey Large, Steve Albert, Luke Flynn.  Rating: +1 (-4 to
+4) or 6/10

In the 1940s the most famous and popular lead actor for action and
adventure films was Errol Flynn.  But Flynn was not in films until
he was 29.  In the years up to that time he bounced around New
Guinea and Australia as a land speculator, a gold hunter, a card-
cheat and a prizefighter.  (How he avoided scarring that famous
pretty face is unclear.)  At times he stole from his employers and
saw some life on the sea.  IN LIKE FLYNN is a screen adaption of
his first novel, BEAM ENDS, based upon his pre-acting life of

The novel BEAM ENDS Flynn claimed was "mostly" authentic, but Flynn
allowed himself to stretch the truth and not disappoint his fans.
It is still being read today and it formed the basis of IN LIKE
FLYNN, directed by Russell Mulcahy.  A ship is on her beam-ends
when she has heeled over such that the beams are vertical and she
cannot be brought back to an upright position.  Similarly Flynn had
the sort of spirit that refuses to be dominated, even on a path to

The film opens like an Indiana Jones movie.  It is 1940 and in
Papua New Guinea, Flynn and a small camera crew are in the jungle.
Flynn is (probably) helping with location hunting for jungle
settings.  It seems the local native population is not happy about
uninvited visitors.

Mulcahy knows to catch his audience early in the film.  He puts his
most exciting storytelling at the very beginning.  Most of the rest
of the film is not nearly as exciting, though there are extended
sequences of Flynn boxing and street fighting.  It is almost a pity
that after the opening chase the camera follows Flynn and the
filmmakers and not the local residents.  Almost every scene seems
to involve Flynn getting into a fight.  The third fight we see is a
prizefight.  Later to get out of prizefighting he steals a boat and
with three other gold hunters he goes off to follow a rumor of
where gold can be found.

One of the people I saw the film with had a suggestion and a
request that the film be subtitled.  Not all Americans appreciate
and understand a fine Australian accent and prefer to have the
diction a little easier to comprehend.  I rate IN LIKE FLYNN a +1
on the -4 to +4 scale or 6/10.

Its theatrical release was January 25.

Film Credits:

What others are saying:



TOPIC: Elevations (letters of comment by Joshua Kreitzer, Dorothy
J. Heydt, Peter Trei, Lowell Gilbert, and Tim Merrigan)

In response to Evelyn's comments on elevations and building heights
in Florida in the 01/25/19 issue of the MT VOID, Joshua Kreitzer

Both Illinois and Louisiana also have buildings taller than their
highest natural point--the Willis Tower in Chicago and One Shell
Square in New Orleans.  [-jk]

Dorothy J. Heydt writes:

Hal (who is sound asleep at the moment, so I can't ask him) used to
do bicycle-racing as an undergraduate.  In the course of this
activity, somebody told him about the racer* who decided to ride to
the top of the highest mountain in each state in the US.  In the
course of this project he got to Kansas, where he got in touch with
the local bike club and they arranged to take him to the highest
spot in Kansas.

So out they went, and presently he saw a little rise in the ground
ahead, and sprinted up it and waited at the top for the others to
arrive.  He looked around; everything was as flat as made no
difference as far as the eye could see.  "So where's this high
point you were talking about?" he said when they showed up.

"You just sprinted it."

(*)Possibly apocryphal, but maybe not.  [-djh]

Peter Trei responds:

I suspect there are a *lot* of highest state points which are not
reachable while riding a bike.  Denali/Mt McKinley for a start.
When I visited Hawaii, I took a jitney up to the Mauna Kea
observatory.  A *very* determined German tourist was pedaling up
the road to the summit (14K feet), and walked his bike to the tippy
top.  [-pt]

Lowell Gilbert replies:

That *is* the obvious counterpoint.  No pun intended.

When I lived in Rhode Island, the highest point was basically
inaccessible because the path crossed private property owned by a
man who was very determined to keep trespassers out.  That property
and the summit ended up being given the state eventually, but until
the twenty-first century was underway.  [-lg]

Peter adds:

In Denmark (another very flat country) from 1874 to 1953 the
highest point was said to be Yding Skovhoj (Yding Skovhoj for the
obsolete), at 172.54 meters.

In 1953 it was determined that the top was a Bronze Age burial
mound, and hence artificial. The 'natural height' of the site is
now 170.83 meters, and the peak of Danish altitude is now held by
Mollehoj (Mollehoj), standing 170.86 meters.  [-pt]

Tim Merrigan asks:


Though that was in Wales.  [-tm]

Peter replies:

It's similar, though the Welsh example was much more recent, and
done deliberately to get the peak above 1000 feet, where it would
be recorded as a mountain.

When I started my response, it was with a mangled version of the
story in my head, wherein (my Dad had once told me) a Danish
farmer, realizing that his land was almost as high as the highest
point, bulldozed up a pile of dirt, planted trees, etc, and waited
enough years that it looked natural, after which he claimed that
*he* had the highest point.

Went to Google to confirm this, and came up with the above.  [-pt]

Dorothy notes:

SCANDINAVIA AND THE WORLD has at least once featured some
tourists (probably American) coming to Denmark intending to ski,
and being disappointed that there's nothing to ski on.  [-djh]

Evelyn adds:

In the play COPENHAGEN, Heisenberg and Bohr talk about skiing in

For what it's worth, while Florida has the lowest high point of the
states; Colorado has the highest low point.  [-ecl]


TOPIC: This Week's Reading (book comments by Evelyn C. Leeper)

THE BLACK GOD'S DRUMS by P. Djeli Clark (ISBN 978-1-250-29471-5) is
set in the late 19th century in an alternate world where New
Orleans is free from either side of the still-continuing Civil War,
and Haiti has achieved a much more successful independence.  The
book is told in a first-person narrative in a New Orleans patois;
one wonders how the audiobook would sound!  (There is no audiobook
so far--one suspects finding the right reader for it is even more
difficult than usual.)  At any rate, a very enjoyable read.

THE DREAM-QUEST OF VELLITT BOE by Kij Johnson (ISBN 978-0-7653-
9141-4) is based on Lovecraft, so for a new reader unfamiliar with
the Cthulhu mythos et al, it may well be confusing, or at least
seem incomplete.  (One of the characters is "Randolph Carter"; this
will not mean anything to someone unfamiliar with Lovecraft.)  On
the other hand, Johnson is heavy on description and the naming of
things, but light on actual plot.  Oh, there is a plot, but it
occupies very little of the book.  Still, the poetry of some of the
sections, and Johnson's addressing all this from a woman's
perspective, makes this worth reading.

And as evidence that not everyone will like all the Tor novellas, I
tried reading PROOF OF CONCEPT by Gwyneth Jones (ISBN 978-0-7653-
9144-5) but frankly, I could not follow what was going on at all.


                                           Mark Leeper

           No experiment should be believed until it has been
           confirmed by theory.
                                           --Sir Arthur Eddington